The pūkaeā was used to welcome people and announce events or occasions of importance, and was also a war trumpet. Pūkaeā vary considerably in length, with some known to be over two metres long. The mouthpiece end is the kōngutu. The bell-shaped end is called the whara. The pūkaeā pictured was made by Bernard Makoare, and was gifted to Te Papa in 1997 as part of the Haumanu collection. The lashing is made from split and processed vine, a customary material for binding.